Israel, a country surrounded by enemies and been under attack since its founding of its own country, is the world’s leading tech nation. There are different theories that explain this phenomenon is possible. Start-up Nation: The Story of Israel’s Economic Miracle is a 2009 book by Dan Senor and Saul Singer discusses several of these theories. There is the idea that the IDF, Israeli Defense Force is responsible for the growth in its high quantity and quality of work. Due to mandatory recruiting in Israel a majority of Israeli youth is disciplined and trained to excel in such harsh conditions. Israel a country continuously at war and lacking a source of natural resources has to step up and use what they have in order to succeed which is knowledge and will power. While having so few resources Israel values intelligence a great amount and when combined with the wide variety of knowledge and skills the military provides it creates many opportunities for growth and creativity in the population.
Another theory discussed concerns the large source of immigration in Israel between the Holocaust survivors and refugees, Soviet refuseniks, Ethiopian Jews and everyone else throughout the years. Anyone willing to move to a new country holds a certain ability to take risks and be innovative which is necessary to grow a business. Similar to the big jump of immigrants that came to America between 1850 and 1930 which caused a big boom in business in the USA, today more than ever with the rapid growth of technology and hectic conditions Israel is a Petri dish for technological success.
Between both the impact of the IDF and the entrepreneurship of the immigrants and all the other possibilities discussed or supported in Startup Nation the fact is that Israel’s success did not come easy. There are many other theories to why Israel a country of 7.1 million people, founded around sixty years old, and is surrounded by enemies is where it is on the map today in big startup tech companies. Others such as Economist Yusuf Mansour argue that this is only possible due to foreign aid that Israel receives from the United States and private sources. Read the book to learn more about Dan Senor and Saul Singer’s ideas then please comment on whether you find what they have to say is a valid argument or if you believe there is other possibilities.